How to get a pi-hole DNS server up and running the right way.
Normally I just used it as an add-blocker, but it can also be a recursive DNS server. This is what 220.127.116.11, 18.104.22.168, and your ISP's DNS servers are.
A video tutorial by Craft Computing is below:
Set up a Ubuntu 20.04 Server on your local network. Find it's IP address and SSH into it.
- Install Ubuntu Server 20.04 (https://ubuntu.com/download/server)
- Install Pi-Hole
sudo with curl -sSL https://install.pi-hole.net | bash
- Set the Web Admin Password -
pihole -a -p [password]
- Install Unbound DNS -
sudo apt install unbound
- Create Unbound Configuration File -
sudo nano /etc/unbound/unbound.conf.d/pi-hole.conf
- Copy example config https://docs.pi-hole.net/guides/dns/unbound/
server: \# If no logfile is specified, syslog is used \# logfile: "/var/log/unbound/unbound.log" verbosity: 0 interface: 127.0.0.1 port: 5335 do-ip4: yes do-udp: yes do-tcp: yes # May be set to yes if you have IPv6 connectivity do-ip6: no # You want to leave this to no unless you have *native* IPv6. With 6to4 and # Terredo tunnels your web browser should favor IPv4 for the same reasons prefer-ip6: no # Use this only when you downloaded the list of primary root servers! # If you use the default dns-root-data package, unbound will find it automatically #root-hints: "/var/lib/unbound/root.hints" # Trust glue only if it is within the server's authority harden-glue: yes # Require DNSSEC data for trust-anchored zones, if such data is absent, the zone becomes BOGUS harden-dnssec-stripped: yes # Don't use Capitalization randomization as it known to cause DNSSEC issues sometimes # see https://discourse.pi-hole.net/t/unbound-stubby-or-dnscrypt-proxy/9378 for further details use-caps-for-id: no # Reduce EDNS reassembly buffer size. # Suggested by the unbound man page to reduce fragmentation reassembly problems edns-buffer-size: 1472 # Perform prefetching of close to expired message cache entries # This only applies to domains that have been frequently queried prefetch: yes # One thread should be sufficient, can be increased on beefy machines. In reality for most users running on small networks or on a single machine, it should be unnecessary to seek performance enhancement by increasing num-threads above 1. num-threads: 1 # Ensure kernel buffer is large enough to not lose messages in traffic spikes so-rcvbuf: 1m # Ensure privacy of local IP ranges private-address: 192.168.0.0/16 private-address: 169.254.0.0/16 private-address: 172.16.0.0/12 private-address: 10.0.0.0/8 private-address: fd00::/8 private-address: fe80::/10
Restart Unbound to apply Configuration
sudo service unbound restart
Disable Forwarding DNS in PiHole
Set Custom DNS in PiHole - 127.0.0.1#5335
Setup Router to use Pi-Hole IP Address as only DNS server (varies for your DHCP server on your router)
Enjoy your private, ad-blocking, self hosted recursive DNS server!